The most powerful tool for diagnosis and monitoring of community health is epidemiology (WHO, Geneva 1989). Used skilfully and imaginatively, it can help define the pattern of health and disease within populations and groups, identify environmental, behavioural and other social factors that influence the health of the community and provide objective assessments of the impact of various interventions.
The rational management of health services at the community level demands the imaginative use of epidemiological methods. In order to translate the national plans and strategies into effective action at the community level, Assistant Environmental Health Officers (AEHOs’) and Environmental Health Officers (EHOs’) need relevant, up-to date knowledge of the pattern of health and disease, and of their determinants in their localities.
There is therefore a need for serving Assistant Environmental Health Officers (AEHOs’) and Environmental Health Officers (EHOs’) to acquire a level of knowledge and skills in order to be effective in control and prevention of diseases. The knowledge and skills attained during the basic course is only sufficient for the Assistant Environmental Health Officers (AEHOs’) and Environmental Health Officers (EHOs’) to perform their duties in routine work. This Advanced Diploma course is expected to result in:
- the ability to assist in responding to communicable disease outbreak management effectively.
- ability to use Public Health surveillance information for action in communicable disease.
- ability to conduct epidemiological study.